Project portfolio management (PPM) is a business practice that helps organizations align their portfolios of projects with their business strategies. PPM organizes a series of projects into a single portfolio consisting of reports that capture project objectives, costs, timelines, accomplishments, resources, risks, and other critical factors. Executives can then regularly review entire portfolios, allocate resources appropriately, and adjust projects to produce the highest departmental returns. As its name implies, project portfolio management groups projects so they can be managed as a portfolio, much as an investor would manage stocks, bonds, and mutual funds.
Business process management (BPM) complements PPM by enabling and managing the exchange of enterprise information through the semantics of a business process view that involves employees, customers, partners, applications, and databases.